World heritage sites in Vietnam (including 2 natural heritages, 7 cultural heritages and 1 mixed heritage) not only demonstrate the beautiful country of Vietnam, diverse in natural landscapes, rich in cultural identity of 54 ethnic groups; but also attractions that attract many tourists every year.
1. Ha Long Bay
Around 1,969 limestone islands of various shapes, covered with green forests, rising in the middle of the blue sea, give Ha Long Bay its majestic and unique beauty. This is also the place that witnessed changes in the historical development of the Earth.
Ha Long Bay was recognized by UNESCO as a World Natural Heritage Site for the first time in 1994 thanks to its unique and aesthetically important natural landscape values. In 2000, Ha Long Bay had the honor for the second time of being recognized for its unique geological and geomorphological values, through the process of Earth’s tectonics over billions of years.
2. Phong Nha – Ke Bang National Park
Phong Nha – Ke Bang National Park is located in Quang Binh province, central Vietnam. Covering an area of about 200,000 hectares, Phong Nha – Ke Bang is located in the districts of Quang Ninh, Bo Trach, Tuyen Hoa and Minh Hoa, 50 kilometers northwest of Dong Hoi City.
With unique values on the history of the formation of the earth, geological history, topography and geomorphology; majestic and mysterious landscape; The biodiversity of the National Park together with its unique cultural and historical values, Phong Nha – Ke Bang was recognized by UNESCO as a World Natural Heritage in July 2003 at the 27th Conference in Paris.
3. Thang Long Imperial Citadel
The fact that the Thang Long Central Citadel – Hanoi has been recognized as a world cultural heritage site (in 2010) is an honor and pride for all Vietnamese people. This is a priceless asset that we will leave behind for generations to come.
The Thang Long Imperial Citadel is a complex of relics associated with the history of Thang Long, the capital of Hanoi, from the pre-Thang Long period (An Nam dominated the 7th century) to the Dinh and early Le dynasties, and developed strongly under Ly. , Tran, Le dynasties and Hanoi citadel under the Nguyen dynasty. It is a huge architectural work, built by dynasties during many historical periods and has become the most important monument in the Vietnamese monument system.
4. Citadel of the Ho Dynasty
The Citadel of the Ho Dynasty, a unique military and architectural structure of exceptional global value, was officially recognized by UNESCO as a World Cultural Heritage Site on June 27, 2011.
Built in 1397 by Ho Quy Ly, then prime minister of the Tran dynasty. After the citadel was built, Ho Quy Ly forced King Tran Thuan Tong to leave the capital from Thang Long (Hanoi) towards Thanh Hoa. In February 1400, Ho Quy Ly ascended the throne to replace the Tran dynasty and named the country Dai Ngu (1400-1407), the citadel of the Ho dynasty officially became the capital. The Ho Dynasty Citadel in history also had other names such as An Ton Citadel, Tay Do, Tay Kinh, Tay Nhai, Tay Giai.
5. Ancient capital of Hue
The Hue Monument Complex is located on both banks of the Perfume River in the city of Hue and some surrounding areas in Thua Thien Hue province. The city of Hue is the cultural, political and economic center of the province, the former capital of Vietnam during the feudal period under the Nguyen dynasty, from 1802 to 1945.
At the 17th session of the World Heritage Committee, Colombia from December 6 to 11, 1993, UNESCO decided to recognize the Hue Monumental Complex as a cultural heritage of humanity. An important event in Vietnam’s cultural history, Vietnam’s first property was named on the World Heritage list, affirming the global value of the Hue Monuments complex.
6. Hoi An ancient city
As the only traditional Southeast Asian port city in Vietnam, rare in the world, Hoi An preserves almost intact more than a thousand architectural relics such as streets, houses, assembly halls, longhouses and pagodas, temples, clan temples and ancient wells. . , ancient tombs… The architecture not only has traditional Vietnamese artistic nuances, but also represents cultural exchange and integration with Eastern and Western countries.
At the 23rd session, held from November 29 to December 4, 1999 in Marrakech (Morocco), UNESCO named Hoi An on the list of World Cultural Heritage.
7. Sanctuary of My Son
My Son Sanctuary is located in an enclosed valley with majestic deep mountain terrain in the ancient land of Quang Nam. Traveling to Quang Nam to visit this holy land of My Son, visitors will be overwhelmed by the famous architectural works with 70 temples and towers of the Champa civilization crystallized into lasting material legacies, containing the historical, cultural, architectural and artistic values that were created over a long period of 9 centuries (from the 4th to the 13th century) and are considered on par with historical relics of Quang Nam. Nam is famous in Southeast Asia, such as Angkor, Pagan and Borobudua.
In December 1999, My Son Temple Tower was named by UNESCO on the list of world cultural heritage sites.
8. Trang An Scenic Area
Trang An resort of Ninh Binh province with its poetic and lyrical beauty is truly the “dream place, the place to return to” for domestic and foreign tourists. Located 100 km from Hanoi and 7 km from Ninh Binh City, the 2,000-hectare Trang An Scenic Complex is created by limestone mountains, magical caves and dozens of historical and cultural relics, including temples. Temples create a magical space, except for the rare love.
During the trip to explore picturesque Trang An, tourists must not miss visiting the ancient capital of Hoa Lu and Bai Dinh Pagoda. In June 2014, Trang An Scenic Spot was officially recognized by UNESCO as a world cultural and natural heritage. This is Vietnam’s first mixed world heritage site.