Learning Mandarin may seem intimidating at first, but mastering some essential Chinese phrases will make the task significantly simpler. Here’s our essential list that should cover everything you’ll need for travel in China!
Keep in mind that Mandarin is a tonal language, so pronunciation plays an equally essential role as learning its words themselves. If you need help, listen to some Mandarin audio clips or download an app such as Google Translate to help.
Lu Xing, one of three Taoist gods associated with prosperity and abundance. The name comes from combining Ursae Majoris star constellation with official salary (lu). Representing prosperity, wealth and abundance. Representing court attired figures often carrying baby boys or jade tablets or carrying jade tablets as offerings, he forms part of “San Xing De” Triad revered throughout Chinese households.
This deity is said to provide unlimited employment and advancement prospects to those who possess the drive and perseverance needed to rise through society’s ranks. He wears the traditional Mandarin attire and often accessorizes with either a scroll bearing scholarly insights or a baby boy, representing that children are reflections of their parents.
Li yi () can also be used to convey that someone will travel for business purposes; however, using this term implies leisure travel rather than business purposes.
“Lu” in Chinese means “trip.” When speaking of travel or journeying, this phrase refers to going on an actual trip or journey, while when spoken aloud it can also refer to taking a walk, having fun and enjoying oneself while vacationing.
Lu You was born into a government official family during the Song Dynasty. Unfortunately, his family were frequently attacked by Jin dynasty invaders and eventually had to flee their capital of Kaifeng (now Nanjing). This experience left an imprint on him; thus becoming motivated to save Song by expelling Jurchen from northern China.
Watson recognizes two periods in his poetry; the first containing only about two hundred works; and a later period spanning his adult years. These poems were primarily patriotic in tone and sought the recovery of northern China through these calls for revival. Watson further identified two periods during which Liang composed poetry – his childhood period had only two hundred poems while later ones comprised all his adult works.
Lu You was deeply in love with Tang Wan. They married at 20 and seemed blissfully content together until his mother disapproved and forbade them to divorce each other due to traditional etiquette. Lu followed his mother’s orders, divorced Tang Wan and was heartbroken until one day while on tour through Sheng’s Garden he saw Tang and her husband accidentally, inspiring him to write To The Tune Of Phoenix Pin instantly in one breath!
Lu Xiang () is vice chairman of BYD, the Chinese electric vehicle maker which recently overtook Tesla in sales. BYD manufactures their batteries at a factory employing thousands of workers.
Lu You was an ambitious scholar who fell deeply in love with Tang Wan. However, his mother didn’t approve and ordered them to divorce for the good of Song Dynasty’s survival; even so, Lu You felt crushed by their separation and continued living his life alone.
Lu Jiang is a staff research scientist for Google. His contributions span across YouTube, Ads, Translate and Waymo products which impact billions of users globally. His research has garnered best paper awards at premier conferences for natural language processing and computer vision research. Additionally, Lu is an adjunct faculty member at Carnegie Mellon University’s Language Technologies Institute where he advises graduate student researchers while giving lectures.
Liyuan Lu is a foreign affairs correspondent for Voice of America’s Mandarin Service and has covered major events both domestically and abroad. She holds both a BA with honors in teaching Chinese as a second language as well as an MA in Linguistics from Hong Kong Polytechnic University; her MA dissertation focused on newly emerging sentence final particles within Mandarin Chinese.